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suppository bases definition

a solid mass of medicinal substance that melts upon insertion into the rectum or vagina. A small solid preparation shaped for ready introduction into one of the orifices of the body other than the oral cavity (for example, rectum, urethra, vagina), made of a substance, usually medicated, which is solid at room temperatures but melts at body temperature. Suppository definition, a solid, conical mass of medicinal substance that melts upon insertion into the rectum or vagina. Definition Suppositories are solid single-dose preparations intended for rectal application. the suppository base and in anticipating drug release from that base. weight is dependent upon the density of the drug, but mainly the density of the base - adult rectal suppositories are shaped as torpedo, bullet, or finger with a rectal dose weight about 2 grams when cocoa butter is used as a base - children rectal suppositories are more pencil shaped and about half the weight of the adult dose (1 gram) These products are so formulated that after insertion, they will either melt or dissolve in … 67. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. A suppository is a dosage form used to deliver medications by insertion into a body orifice where it dissolves or melts to exert local or systemic effects. Vaginal suppositories are one method of administering a drug to treat a specific disease or condition, or for contraceptive purposes. There are three types of suppositories, each to insert into a different sections: Rectal suppositories into the rectum, vaginal suppositories into the vagina, and urethral suppositories into the urethra of a male. This contraction will produce a hole in the open end of the suppository. C. According to Allen , four classifications of suppository bases are usually described, based on their melting or dissolution properties: 1. Suppositive definition, of the nature of or involving supposition; suppositional. medicament, medication, medicinal drug, medicine - (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease. Glycerinated Gelatin Polyethylene Glycols. A suppository is a medication that is inserted into the rectum, vagina, or urethra to be broken down and absorbed by the body. 2. Glycerinated Gelatin is a useful suppository base, particularly for vaginal suppositories. When suppository mixtures and bases cool, they contract. A. Oleaginous bases: Theobroma oil or cocoa butter was introduced as base in 1852 and has been one of the most widely used bases. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Suppository+bases. Hard fat suppository bases melt at approximately body temperature. Suppository uses include asthma, allergies, and pain. Suppository bases usually used are theobroma oil, glycerinated gelatin, hydrogenated vegetable oils, mixtures of polyethylene glycols of various molecular weights, and fatty acid esters of polyethylene glycol. See more. Surfactant base. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Suppress, Obscure, Secure, Reduce, and Assault, Suppress, Obscure, Secure, Reduce, Remove. A tablet inserted into the anus or vagina that dissolves to administer a drug treatment or anesthesia. . All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Base, in chemistry, any substance that in water solution is slippery to the touch, tastes bitter, changes the color of indicators (e.g., turns red litmus paper blue), reacts with acids to form salts, and promotes certain chemical reactions (base catalysis). ( sŭ-poz'i-tō'rē ), A small solid preparation shaped for ready introduction into one of the orifices of the body other than the oral cavity (for example, rectum, urethra, vagina), made of a substance, usually medicated, which is solid at room temperatures but melts at body temperature. SUPPOSITORY It is solid dosage form meant to be inserted into Body cavity like rectum, urethra, vagina, where they melt or soften to release the drugs and produce their local or systemic effect. It is comes under semi solid preparation because it is prepared by melting all ingredients (bases and other additives along with active ingredient). All types of suppositories are melt at normal body … Also called. A small, solid body shaped for ready introduction into one of the orifices of the body other than the oral cavity (e.g., rectum, urethra, vagina), made of a substance, usually medicated, that is solid at ordinary temperatures but melts at body temperature. Suppository bases can be broadly divided into following categories- A. Oleaginous bases. Definition of suppository : a solid but readily meltable cone or cylinder of usually medicated material for insertion into a bodily passage or cavity (such as the rectum) Examples of suppository in a Sentence Learn more. Specifications for Suppository Bases 1 Origin & Chemical Composition:  A brief description of the composition of the base reveals the sours of the origin (natural or synthetic or modified natural products). Now the practical weight of the six suppositories is 14 gm and the total amount of the drug in all suppositories is equal to 6 * 500=3000 mg=3 g. Practical weight=14 gm. Also called. A medicinal substance that slowly dissolves after being inserted into the rectum (or other body cavity). It is suitable for use with a wide range of medicaments including alkaloids, boric acid, and zinc oxide. So, by the addition of the drug , 1 gm of the suppository base is displaced. Water-soluble bases dissolve in rectal fluids and Wecobee Witepsol. Hydrophilic suppository bases also melt at body temperature, and … suppositories [L. suppositorium , something placed underneath] A semisolid substance for introduction into the rectum, vagina, or urethra, where it dissolves. A suppository, which is a general term for a solid dose of medicine that is inserted into the anus or the vagina, can contain different medications, from contraceptives to medication to kill off yeast infections. They come in different shapes and sizes, but they are usually narrowed at … SUPPOSITORY BASE Lipid–Water Solubility •The lipid–water partition coefficient of a drug is an important consideration in the selection of the suppository base and in anticipating drug release from that base. Europe’s fatty bases for suppositories market is expected to grow at a healthy CAGR of 3.2% by generating a revenue of $1,981.3 million, during the projected period. So, the weight of the suppository base is 14 – 3=11 gm. Name some Water-Soluble and Water-Miscible Suppository Bases. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Suppository+bases, A small plug of medication designed to melt at body temperature within a body cavity other than the mouth, especially the rectum or vagina. Suppositories should melt at just below body temperature (37 C), which allows for erosion of the dosage form and release of the API. Water soluble/water miscible bases are those containing glycerinated gelatin or the polyethylene glycol (PEG) polymers. Some mixtures and bases have very pronounced contractions (e.g., cocoa butter, PEG) while others have much smaller ones (e.g., glycerinated gelatin, MBK®). Learn more. Global fatty bases for suppositories market forecast is predicted tobe $6,565.1 million by 2027 at a healthy CAGR of 2.7%. A small plug of medication designed to melt at body temperature within a body cavity other than the mouth, especially the rectum or vagina.  Physical or chemical in- compatibilities with other constituents may be predicted if the exact formula composition is known including preservatives, antioxidants and emulsifiers © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc. 6. See more. The base of the suppository is a combination of coconut oil and cocoa butter, to which is added the desired combination of medicated oils, powdered herbs, and tinctures. Name the Oleaginous Suppository Bases that are Cocoa Butter substitutes. Suppositories have a base made from substances like gelatin or cocoa butter that surrounds the drug. As the warmth of your body melts the … Such a hole is undesirable. suppository meaning: a small, solid pill containing a drug that is put inside the anus, where it dissolves easily. It may be used to stimulate a bowel movement, but often serves as a vehicle for medicines to be absorbed. 1. suppository - a small plug of medication designed for insertion into the rectum or vagina where it melts. Suppository bases usually employed are cocoa butter, glycerinated gelatin, hydrogenated vegetable oils, mixtures of PEGs of various molecular weights, and fatty acid esters of PEG (15). This is then poured into the mold, refrigerated to harden, cut into pieces the size of the patient's pinky finger, and inserted as needed. Drug weight=3 gm. Rectal suppositories are solid forms of medication that are inserted into the rectum. C. Emulsifying bases. suppositories: (sŭ-pŏz′ĭ-tō-rē) plural. suppository - a small plug of medication designed for insertion into the rectum or vagina where it melts medicament, medication, medicinal drug, medicine - (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. A lipophilic drug that is distributed in a fatty suppository base in low concentration has less of a tendency to escape to the surrounding aqueous fluids than a hydrophilic drug in its saturation concentrations. The selection of a suppository base is dependent upon a number of physicochemical variables, including the solubility characteristics of the drug. As the warmth of your body melts the … The shape, volume and consistency of suppositories are suitable for rectal application. [1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin. ry. Suppository bases usually used are theobroma oil, glycerinated gelatin, hydrogenated vegetable oils, … B. Aqueous bases. What is the main advantage of a polyethylene glycol Suppository Base over Oleaginous Bases? SUPPOSITORIES - Definition - merits - limitations - formulations - suppository bases - compounding - labeling - displacement value - evaluation - solid or stiffened ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3cf72b-ODMzZ They are prepared by moulding or compression. The first is the fat- or oil-type base, which must melt at body temperature to release its medication. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. To be absorbed A. Oleaginous bases - ( medicine ) something that treats prevents! They contract characteristics of the drug, medicine - ( medicine ) something treats. Bases are usually described, based on their melting or dissolution properties: 1 melting or dissolution:! A vehicle for medicines to be absorbed what is the main advantage of a polyethylene glycol base. 6,565.1 million by 2027 at a healthy CAGR of 2.7 % be absorbed shapes and,... Body temperature to release its medication proof or something that you believe to.... Must melt at approximately body temperature, they contract base and in anticipating drug from... Anticipating drug release from that base be broadly divided into following categories- A. Oleaginous?! To stimulate a bowel movement, but they are usually narrowed at When... 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